• Economy
    Feb 28, 2022

    The Impact of Multiple Crises on Necessity-Driven Entrepreneurs in Lebanon’s Rural Areas - Fnaidek

    • Lina S. Maddah
    The Impact of Multiple Crises on Necessity-Driven Entrepreneurs  in  Lebanon’s Rural Areas - Fnaidek

    The multiple crises—the financial meltdown, the Covid pandemic, and the Beirut port explosion—that have struck Lebanon over the past few years have left small businesses and necessity-driven entrepreneurs (NDEs)struggling for survival, with little or no government assistance. Many NDEs were established originally to cope with difficult economic conditions, and in light of the successive crises, these businesses are struggling to survive. This report is part of a larger project that explores the challenges NDEs in Lebanon’s rural areas are facing, and to offer policy options for local governments to support them.


    To carry out the study, three districts from three different governorates were selected for comparative analysis: Rashayya-Bekaa, Fnaidek-Akkar, and Hidab Qattine-South Lebanon. The selection process was based on economic fundamentals, geographical diversity, and rurality characteristics.


    In order to pinpoint the challenges that NDEs are facing to remain operational and sustainable in the current crisis, a qualitative research methodology was deployed for data collection. Two data collection methods were used: (1) one-on-one interviews with local decision-makers in each district, (2) focus group discussions with necessity-driven entrepreneurs from the selected sub-sectors in the three districts. For each focus group discussion, up to seven entrepreneurs were recruited from the identified sub-sectors.


    This report is the second of a planned series on Lebanon’s rural areas focusing on Fnaidek. It concludes with policy recommendations to avoid conventional policy pitfalls, which often disregard the role of municipalities in local economic development. It also highlights the need for a more inclusive entrepreneurial rural policy in Lebanon by:(1) empowering NDEs locally, (2) fostering economic growth, particularly in the agricultural sector, (3) enhancing regional networks, (4) engaging the youth, and (5) empowering women.

    Lina S. Maddah is a Senior Economic Researcher at the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies. Her areas of work include Urban and Regional Economics, Firm Dynamics, Spatial Economic Analysis, Cultural and Creative Industries, and Local Entrepreneurship Ecosystems. Lina holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain, and is an Adjunct Professor at the Department of Economics at the Lebanese American University.
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